Importance of Mechanical Engineering Projects During Engineering

Yes, mechanical engineering projects during engineering are like foundationa for successful careers of the graduates. It’s important to work on these projects rather than simply purchasing some readymade ones.

Mechanical engineering is for sure one of the oldest branches of engineering. As is clear with the name, It is that branch of engineering which deals with machinery, both big and small. It includes different aspects of machinery including, designing, manufacturing and maintenance for various purposes. Being an important engineering branch which is incredibly diverse, it provides the engineering students with an opportunity to take up any number of projects, big or small.

You can find thousands of relevant topics published in various mechanical engineering books, magazine and journals. Apart from this, you can also find these topics published all over the web on different websites. As such, browsing through the web is emerging as a very productive way of finding interesting projects.

SCOPE OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING PROJECTS

As many people would believe, mechanical engineering is far from just being manufacturing. There are several fields in this branch of engineering which can be highlighted.

1) Manufacturing: This field is vast. If you choose manufacturing, you get to work with machining, welding, soldering, assembly, metallurgy, etc.

2) Thermal sciences: Here, you are likely to work with thermodynamics, fluid dynamics and heat transfer.

3) Acoustics and vibrations: This field of mechanical engineering deals with propagation of mechanical waves through some medium.

4) Structural analysis and design: This field is to apply mechanics knowledge to analyze and design better and more efficient structures.

5) Mechanical design: In this field you are likely to work on the integration of several different systems, including robotics.

6) Metrology and instrumentation: This field deals with anything that deals with how to measure anything.

Now, note that you must not limit yourself to one field. Explore everything before zeroing down to one option.

A mechanical engineering project is very aptly a part of your overall course curriculum. You have marks and grades to be obtained for these projects. To secure good overall marks and grades, you must present your projects on the assigned date and time. The benefits of these projects go much beyond just the academics. These projects help you identify and bring out your aptitude to select a specialty and polish your skills.

To come up with a good project, start with concentrating on a particular area of your field and select a topic for your project. Scan engineering books and browse the web for a suitable topic. Brainstorming is very crucial to come up with an attractive and feasible idea for your projects.

As we all know mechanical engineering is one of famous course in engineering and every year thousands of students takes admission to be engineers. Students like this course because it’s really an interesting and they learn much from books and engineering forums and discussion on the websites. They can take online helps from other people. They just need to guide well and during engineering and it make easy to success. Every student should have to passionate for their course then he/she can be a good engineer.


Source by Jaivider Singh Bhandari

One Cause That Can Make an Autistic Child Obsessed With Death

Some autistic children have an obsession with death. They persistently ask questions concerning death, death experience, deadly illness, and suicide. This situation is quite alarming for parents, because they believe that the implications of these kinds of questions can be terrifying.

Parents, especially mothers, become powerless in front of their autistic child’s obsession with death and relentless questions. They endeavor several maneuvers to get their child to stop by ignoring him, scolding him, and trying to deflect his mind. But, these moves bring no change. In fact, these moves provoke the child even more and bring anxiety and stress in his mood.

Now, the questions are, why does an autistic child ask such questions? Why does he get so obsessed with death? And, what do parents need to do in this situation?

Well, there are many causes that can make your child obsessed with death. For example, nightmares, bullying, lack of self-esteem, floods of new information, and unpredictability. But, the most important cause is, “Change”.

Terrified of Change

Children who ask death related question, or who are obsessed with death, are mostly “Terrified of Change”. The idea of “Change” brings panic inside their bodies. They ‘think’ and ‘ask’ questions like, who will replace the grandma if she dies?

“When an autistic child feels that the interruption in the order and concordance of his world is going to occur, he feels anxiety. He doesn’t get how to deal with the upcoming situation and restrain the uniformity in his world. Consequently, he asks death related questions, again and again, in order to relax his anxious and stressful feelings.”

If your child asks you questions about death, then it often means he is afraid of change. He wants to know about the consequences which can appear after death.

What do most of the parents do when their autistic child asks them death related questions?

Well, they talk about a few things, time and time again. For example,

(a) Death is natural.

(b) Life is beautiful.

(c) Heaven & Hell.

However, these topics aren’t the precise answers for their child. These types of answers would be absolutely useless. Your child will begin to feel even more anxious and keep on asking the same sets of questions until you won’t give him a satisfactory answer, or relax his feelings.

In order to give your child satisfactory answers, and understand the causes of his obsession, first you need to look at your own family, your family’s conversations, and your family environment. Was there any change which your family experienced after the death of some loved one? Was there some intense conversations regarding death and its consequences?

Apart from this, in order to know the true source of his anxiety, notice his daily activities closely. Is there any movie which he/she watches again and again? Is there any death scene in his favorite movie? Has he seen any terrible change, or consequences, after the death of someone?

Once you understand the true source of his anxiety, you handle the situation easily. You see the world through his perspective and talk in his language. Your answers gradually water down his anxious feelings and make him feel that you are the best mother/father of this world who understands him completely.

You become his best friend, and your child starts loving you even more.

Now, what to do after discovering the actual source of his obsession with death?

Well, assure him that, “Nothing is going to change, all will stay the same.” This should be the main focus of your entire conversation. Tell him that there won’t be any terrible changes if someone dies. The environment will stay the same, predictability will stay alive, and the world will keep on moving with the same routine.

The more you keep his world predictable and same for him through your answers, the more you water down his obsessive feelings regarding death, and the more you connect with him on an emotional level.


Source by Isaac E. Smith

What Is the Role of Item Response Theory in GAMSAT?

GAMSAT is a standardized exam. The exam pattern is completely different. It is the toughest medical entrance and observes the intellectual skills of candidate. There is no structured material to study GAMSAT. The syllabus and the method are unique for GAMSAT. Even the score calculation is a complicated process.

Students tend to calculate their scores after the exam out of curiosity. In GAMSAT, it cannot be done. The scoring process has been kept confidential by ACER (Australian Council for Educational Research). Nobody knows how the GAMSAT score is being calculated except few people in ACER. It is believed that Item response theory is being used to scale the performance. Still there are unexplored myths in GAMSAT score calculation.

I was curious to know more about GAMSAT score calculation. I researched and collected some information. I would like to share that information. The result says that Item Response Theory (IRT) is being used in calculating the score.

What is IRT?

Item Response Theory is also known as latent trait theory or strong true score theory or modern mental test theory. It is the preferred method for the development of the high-stakes tests such as college entrance examination or medical entrance etc.

It is the study of test and item scores based on assumptions concerning the mathematical relationship between abilities and item responses. It is the advanced form of Classical test theory.

IRT provides more sophisticated information about the response of the item.

Score calculation using IRT:

I would not say that the below are the exact GAMSAT score calculating method. I have tried depicting on my own with the information gathered. Also I know, there is no restriction for guessing games.

Researchers are expecting that Item response theory (IRT) will be used in calculating the score. IRT scoring requires complex estimation procedure. It is very difficult to understand the calculation.

Item Response Theory means focusing on the response of the Item. Using this theory the questions in each section will be evaluated separately. This evaluation will be done based on the difficulty of the question and the response of the candidate.

The IRT curve will be created by modeling the response of the candidate. It measures the given ability to each Item in the test. So the score will be calculated based on the performance of each candidate.

IRT is based on the probability of a correct or keyed response to an item. It is a mathematical function of person and item parameters. This person parameter is called “Latent trait”.

In GAMSAT, each question will be standardized as per its difficulty level. Candidate’s scores are also calibrated on that same difficulty level scale. Then these scores will be scaled into GAMSAT scale of 0 to 10 for each three sections separately.

Initially GAMSAT score will be calculated for each section using the below formula:

GAMSAT section score = (Estimate in logits + 5) X 10

“Logits” is the unit used for calculation in IRT method

The overall GAMSAT score is calculated using the below formula:

Overall Score = (1 x Section I + 1 x Section II + 2 x Section III) / 4

Most of us know the above formula. It is the only formula revealed to us but there are many steps of calculation taken place behind the screen.

IRT is considering the performance of the candidates and the difficulty of the questions. It is the critical method followed to evaluate the GAMSAT scores.

Let us not depend on the calculation. It is good to rely on your preparation. It is important to spend more time on revising previous question papers. I would like to share the benefits of GAMSAT practice tests. It would help you to perform well in your exam.


Source by Mary Anita

Unraveling the Right Way to Set Up an App Store Optimization Plan

App marketing is an ongoing process and in recent times, the task does not complete just by developing a good mobile application. Marketers often face the dilemma while planning an effective app marketing strategy. There are two different areas where they need to promote it which, include both the Internet and the App Store.

They use a typical bag full of conversion rate optimization, SEO and content marketing techniques for promoting it on the web and the concept of App Store Optimization (ASO) in the App Store. However, not all practices are effective enough and help entrepreneurs to enjoy an increasing number of downloads. Thus, here are some of the tips to consider for developing a winning marketing strategy which, ensure a steady flow of traffic and downloads.

Top Ranking Factors that Determine the Search Process
With the aim of securing 'holistic rankings', it is ideal to create an app store listing which, can offer the best ranking on the App Store. Noting down the most important ranking factors will help you to develop an effective listing of factors.

Keywords used in the title and descriptions
While placing the keyword in the title, it is necessary to convey your app's name and subject properly in it. Finding keywords for it is similar to finding the right set of keywords for your website. There are three significant factors to consider while preparing the list of keywords which, include:

  • High relevancy
  • Low level of competition
  • High volume of searches

Having a unique icon
While going through the endless list of apps, your app's icon is the first thing that tickles their minds and thus, it is important to make it attractive. Ideal size and color schemes are some of the factors to consider while developing the icon. Moreover, specifications of the mobile platforms, target audience, configuration of similar kind of apps prevailing in the market are some crucial elements to eye on before developing the icon.

Localizing the listing
While focusing on global marketing, keep in mind that 'one-size-fits-all' is not the right choice. To reach beyond the English-speaking world, it is important to adapt your language and brand communication as per the audience segment. By localizing your app, you can increase its adoption and conversion rates, thereby generating more revenue.

With these aforesaid tips and fair understanding about the ranking algorithms of the app store, you are on your way to a winning marketing strategy. Manage it well with professionalized support and your investment will surely pay you off in the longer run.


Source by Rob Stephen

Here’s Why You Should Never Underestimate Play in Preschool

Many parents send their children to school even at a young age. They believe that the earlier their children attend school, the better it would be for them. There are some parents, however, who are hesitant to send their kids to preschool. They think that their children are too small or young for it. While it is true that kids largely depend on their parents, a high-quality preschool serves as a strong foundation for them to learn academically, emotionally, and socially for their future success.

Parents usually worry about their children’s performance at school – on how they are going to handle assignments and answer their teacher’s questions. This should not be the case though, for preschool involves activities that enable children to learn while playing. Forget about the idea that preschool is rigorous, because in reality, it is playful. And here are some good reasons why your child should go to preschool and how important play is.

It is well-settled that, by nature, children are playful. This is the main reason why play is a main activity for preschoolers. There are different types of play that your child may experience, namely creative, dramatic, manipulative, and physical.

  1. Creative. It takes place when kids use art materials like clay, pencil, paint, etc., to form or draw a certain thing using their imagination.

  2. Dramatic. Students are given specific characters and they will act out and take on the roles of adults, animals, and the like. This enhances their social skills as they need to interact with others.

  3. Manipulative. Kids love playing with toys, whether small or big. Doing this allows them to control on how to hold and handle them.

  4. Physical. Play in preschool helps children to become healthier. Doing sports games, such as basketball, relay race, or mini-obstacle course seems as if they are performing exercises. Also, it helps them to grow strong, joyful, and stress-free.

The value of play, therefore, should never be underestimated. It provides benefits that can be really helpful to your children as they grow and study further. For instance, children learn best when they are physically engaged. Imagine your child playing basketball or any other physical sports with his classmates. He will push himself to win and even start building motor skills. This goes the same when your kid participates in a dramatic or cooperative play. His language and vocabulary abilities are improved. As the teacher gives students instructions on what to say and how to act, the latter begin communicating on their own and express their thoughts and emotions.

Another major advantage of play is self-confidence. Your child starts to feel confident about what he is doing when his teacher acknowledges him for his accomplishment, no matter how big or small it is.

Play in preschool promotes social and emotional development. If you want to prepare your child for the future, the best way to do that is to send him to school, be it local or international preschool.


Source by Shine Manson

Needs: Is It Better To Be Selfless Than To Be Selfish?

While there are certain behaviours that are seen as being good, there are others that are seen as being bad. When it comes it comes to the former, it can relate to having manners, being friendly and helping others.

Through being this way, one is likely to find that most people will respond in a positive way to them. During the moments when this is not the case, there will be no reason for them to take it personally.

The Other Side

And when it comes to the latter, it can relate to the opposite of what was mentioned above; so not having manners, being unfriendly and not helping others. One is likely to find that if they were to behave in this way, it would cause other people to respond in a negative way.

It could be said that the difference is not going to be much of a surprise, and this is because people generally want to be treated well. Therefore, the best way for them to get other people to respond in a positive manner will be to behave in this way.

Back To Reality

If one was to look at how they behave in their day-to-day life, they may find that this is what takes place. They may see that they spend a lot of time being there for others, and very little time being there for themselves.

As a result of this, they will live a life that is based around doing everything they can to meet other people’s needs. One way of looking at this would be to say that one is living their life in the right way.

All Areas

There will then be what they do for the people they don’t know, and what they do for the people in their life. If someone needs their assistance, it might not matter if they know them very well.

When it comes to the people in their life, one could do what they can to make sure they are always available to meet their needs. And if they are unable to be there for someone, they could end up feeling incredibly guilty.

This Area

If they are in a relationship, they may spend as lot of time doing what they can for this person. One could believe that it is down to them to meet his person needs, and they might not expect anything from them.

Now, the person they are with could appreciate what they are doing, or they could simply take it for granted. This could be how the other person is usually treated when they are in a relationship.

Helping Out

And it might not matter what their friends or family need help with, as they could be only too happy to help them. They could end up lending them money, taking them to different places, and doing work for them.

Once this has taken place, they could offer them something in return, or they might not feel the need to do anything. But if one has been this way for such a long time, it is not going to be a surprise for these people to see one’s behaviour as being normal.

Overlooked

Through having the tendency to ignore their own needs, one could find they often feel as though they are running on empty. As even though they give a lot to other people, they are not going to get a lot back.

They might be doing well in their career, or this could be another area of their life that is not given the attention it needs. But even if this is how one experiences life, it doesn’t mean that they will change their behaviour.

The Alternative

One might believe that they only have two choices: either to focus on other people’s needs and to be selfless, or to focus on their own and to be selfish. Therefore, even though they will be ignoring their own needs, it will be better than to be like the people who only focus on their own needs.

There is also the chance that one is generally disconnected from their own needs, and this is then going to stop them from even thinking about them on a regular basis. In fact, at a deeper level, they might believe that they don’t deserve to have them met.

Positive Feedback

And although their needs will generally be overlooked, they will probably be used to receiving approval. There may have been moments when others have told them how good they are and that they are an example to others.

If, on the other hand, one only thought about themselves, this is not something that is going to occur. One would probably be used to having people criticise them, and a lot of people would be repelled by them.

In The middle

The trouble with being selfless is that it will cause one to overlook their own needs, and this is going to cause them to suffer. This is not to say that one will always be in touch with this pain, as they could do what they can to deny how they feel.

Ultimately, human beings have needs and, if they are not able to meet these needs, there will be consequences. Fortunately, being selfish or selfless are not the only options; one can be there for others and they can be there for themselves.

Balance

And through being able to meet their own needs, it will allow them to truly be there for others. They won’t need to run on empty and this will give them the energy to have a positive effect on others.

When one always focuses on other people’s needs, it can show that they feel ashamed of their own needs. It is then not that they don’t have needs; it is that they focus on others needs in order to receive approval; with the hope that this will indirectly allow them to fulfil their own needs.

Awareness

The kind of relationship one has with their own needs is often the result of what took place when they were younger. If they were brought up by people who ignored their needs and one was used them to fulfil their needs, it would have caused them to believe that their needs were not important.

If one can relate to this, and they want to feel comfortable with their needs, it might be necessary for them to work with a therapist. This will give them the chance to look into what took place and to move forward.


Source by Oliver JR Cooper