6 Common Cooking Mistakes That You Must Avoid

Make an innocent error and your dish will turn into a huge disappointment. And you don’t want this to happen, especially if you are going to serve your friends or relatives. What you need are a few tips to prevent recipe missteps and overcrowded pans. Below are 6 common cooking mistakes that you must avoid.

Not Reading the Recipe

Going through a recipe is as important as reading a map prior to leaving for a trip. The majority of cooking mistakes happen when people overlook an important detail. Actually, they don’t read the recipe properly. For instance, adding cold butter into the batter may leave you with a lumpy and dry cake. In the same way, if you don’t wait for the onions to be fully cooked and add tomatoes into the sauce, you will a spaghetti topper that won’t be smooth or crunchy.

Overcrowding the Pan

If you cover the pan fully, it will trap the heat. As a result, there will be a lot of steam inside the pan. To prevent overcrowding, what you need to do is use a pair of pans instead of just one. Alternatively, you can cook in batches.

Not Preheating the Pan

The surface of the pan must be hot enough to brown the food and seal in the juices. Food will stick to the pan if it’s not hot enough. Therefore, it’s important that you preheat the pan for a few minutes prior to pouring the oil. To check if the pan is hot enough, you can throw a couple of drops of water on the pan. If the water evaporates quickly, you are good to go.

Using too little water

Food, when put in a boiling pot, lowers the water temperatures right away. If you put too much food, the water won’t boil. As a result, the spaghetti will taste starchy. So, what you need to do is use a good deal of water. In other words, the food should swim in the pan. As a general rule, you may want to use a minimum of 5-quart pot for just a pound of paste. Make sure that the water is boiling.

Using Dried Herbs in Place of Fresh Ones

It may be tempting to add some dried oregano instead of some fresh seems. However, the problem is that herbs, such as parsley and basil don’t taste the same once dried. On the other hand, tarragon and oregano become more powerful when dried. so, you should use them sparingly. As a matter of fact, the best way of judging the strength of a herb is by taste. If you have dried oregano and it tastes nothing, you may want to use a heavy hand.

Using oil that is not hot enough

Whether you are deep-frying or pan-frying, make sure that the temperature of the oil is 350 F or more. But if the temperature is lower than that, your food will become greasy and heavy.

So, what you need to do is go for oil that has a high smoking point. Make sure it is hot enough before you put food in it. Some good names are peanut, safflower and canola, just to name a few.

Source by Humayun Nazir

Christian Students Belong In Public Schools

The public schools need Christian students. But only those students who are properly trained. Christian students should be in the public schools standing up for what they know to be true, backing up their arguments with evidence and witnessing to both their fellow students and faculty alike. But in order to make that happen they will need training. Only those soldiers who are trained for battle should go off to war.

The church makes a great effort to send missionaries throughout the world in order to spread God’s word. But at the same time we are ignoring one of the largest mission fields in existence today. At a public school, for the first 13 to 14 years of a young persons life they are immersed in a naturalistic environment. Those students in the public schools who do not know Jesus Christ need missionaries just as much as any African native. I believe that the children of Christian parents should receive proper training and attend a public school.

I did not always feel this way. My wife and I home-schooled our own children. And I was once a teacher at a private Christian school. At one time I thought that it was best to educate a child in an environment where Christ is Lord – either at home or in a Christian school. But I now realize that there is a vast difference between education and training. I now believe that these conservative methods of education actually violate God’s word. The Bible states that we are to be a light on a hill. By withdrawing unto ourselves for our children’s education, whether at home or in private schools, we are in fact putting a basket over that light.

What the Church needs to do, both its leaders and its members, is to train up a child in the way he should go, and when he is old he will not depart from it. We should always be ready to give an answer to everyone who asks for a reason concerning the hope that is in us. But this is precisely where we let our children down. When it comes to science I am afraid that most of us have no answer.

We live in an age of reason. Like it or not things are different now than they were in the past. Today science has replaced God as a source of truth for many people. It is going to take effort to provide a reason for the hope that is in us. The hope that this world so desperately needs. Every Christian parent needs to take the time, and make the effort, to become educated in science.

This does not mean that every parent is expected to get a PhD in science. I know from experience that science can be confusing and scary for some. And I know that many parents lead very busy lives. But I also know that, with a little effort, anyone can learn the basics of science. The child needs only enough science to provide a foundation. With that foundation, and some encouragement, they can take it from there. And help should always be available from the local church. But unfortunately, this is often not the case.

When I was growing up I had questions about evolution. I was raised in a Christian home by Christian parents. They taught me that the Bible was true. While at school I was learning something else entirely. I was learning that life had originated on its own. I was learning that humans had evolved rather than having been created. One day I asked my dad about this. He had no idea of what to say but he did see my concern.

My father took me to our local church to meet with the pastor. I can still recall being in the basement of the church just before an afternoon potluck. The three of us were standing next to a table decorated with plates and silverware. Concerning evolution the pastor told me: “Just don’t believe it. It is from the devil”. I have to admit that I went back to school very confused. Here was my teacher presenting all of this “evidence” supporting evolution and all my pastor could say was “Just don’t believe it”. I do not blame my father and I do not blame the pastor. They did not know any better. But they should have.

Budgets can be tight and bills have to be paid. This can be true for both parents and churches alike. I believe however that the leaders of the church need to make certain that their members are scientifically literate. Local churches very often have youth leaders, choir directors and the like. I think that every local church should also have someone who is trained in the sciences. This may be a volunteer or they may need to be paid. In any event every local church should have someone who can train the parents who can then train their children.

Christians need to be able to defend their faith. And every Christian parent needs to be able to adequately train up their children. That training includes the sciences. In my opinion the teaching of evolution has led countless people over the years to deny Jesus Christ as Lord and Savior. We send missionaries to the four corners of the Earth to proclaim the Gospel – and rightly so. And yet we ignore one of the largest mission fields on earth – our public schools.

Source by Jeff Van Fleet

The Educational Value of Playing With Legos

All kids at one time or another, if given the opportunity to do so, will find themselves lost to Legos. By that I mean, the joy of building and creating something from these simple, but unique toys, is something that all kids can understand and get wrapped up in. Entire cities can be created with enough time and Lego blocks. Play rooms can be transformed into monuments, dolls can have new furniture and cars can drive from home to the garage to any number of public buildings, all in a world of Legos. But beyond the obvious creative implications of Legos, there are other educational benefits as well, not the least of which are in the skills and concepts that they teach experientially.

The easiest benefits to point out are the educational tools of space, relationship and proportions, all of which will help to improve math awareness skills. Fun time playing with Legos teaches halves and wholes, depending on the blocks being used. Quarter blocks are also available, and while kids don’t refer to them by that name, they are learning division theory quite nicely! Angles must be taken into account as well when building, which is also learned experientially through trial and error as kids play with Legos and have the opportunity to create.

But what about other educational benefits of Legos? Legos also teach patience and perseverance. That may not seem like an educational payoff, but it is. Kids must learn to take their time, build up from the foundations, and “snap” things together nicely and securely before moving on. The understanding of these concepts will help students to perform better in school because parents know all too well that school concepts work in order, they take time and repetition. There is an order to the learning process in the same way that there’s an order to the building process. All kids like to skip steps in math, fail to show their work, avoid homework, etc. These are important parts to gaining educational competence, however, and Legos help to prepare our kids for this lesson.

Sometimes Legos get stuck together. In the same way, sometimes things get “stuck” for our kids. Having a common experience in Legos, children can be taught to work at their problems. They can learn not to give up. They can benefit from understanding that if things get stuck, they need to keep working to break their problems down into parts. One part at a time, problems are not so difficult to overcome. Do you ever remember scraping your knuckles on a set of Legos as you tried to pry them apart? Sometimes separating Legos is hard work, just like school, but the joy of creating new things, or getting to just the right “piece” is worth the hard work! School, too, is not always fun for every child, and some subjects will be less entertaining than others. But when a child perseveres in their studies, there is nothing more exciting to see than the glow on their faces when a concept is mastered.

Like Legos, our worlds are made up of different colors and shapes, purposes and potentials, but from Legos, we have much to learn. The educational benefits are not as straightforward as they might seem, but nevertheless, our “teachers” they can become.

Source by Camille Rodriquez

Importance of Mechanical Engineering Projects During Engineering

Yes, mechanical engineering projects during engineering are like foundationa for successful careers of the graduates. It’s important to work on these projects rather than simply purchasing some readymade ones.

Mechanical engineering is for sure one of the oldest branches of engineering. As is clear with the name, It is that branch of engineering which deals with machinery, both big and small. It includes different aspects of machinery including, designing, manufacturing and maintenance for various purposes. Being an important engineering branch which is incredibly diverse, it provides the engineering students with an opportunity to take up any number of projects, big or small.

You can find thousands of relevant topics published in various mechanical engineering books, magazine and journals. Apart from this, you can also find these topics published all over the web on different websites. As such, browsing through the web is emerging as a very productive way of finding interesting projects.


As many people would believe, mechanical engineering is far from just being manufacturing. There are several fields in this branch of engineering which can be highlighted.

1) Manufacturing: This field is vast. If you choose manufacturing, you get to work with machining, welding, soldering, assembly, metallurgy, etc.

2) Thermal sciences: Here, you are likely to work with thermodynamics, fluid dynamics and heat transfer.

3) Acoustics and vibrations: This field of mechanical engineering deals with propagation of mechanical waves through some medium.

4) Structural analysis and design: This field is to apply mechanics knowledge to analyze and design better and more efficient structures.

5) Mechanical design: In this field you are likely to work on the integration of several different systems, including robotics.

6) Metrology and instrumentation: This field deals with anything that deals with how to measure anything.

Now, note that you must not limit yourself to one field. Explore everything before zeroing down to one option.

A mechanical engineering project is very aptly a part of your overall course curriculum. You have marks and grades to be obtained for these projects. To secure good overall marks and grades, you must present your projects on the assigned date and time. The benefits of these projects go much beyond just the academics. These projects help you identify and bring out your aptitude to select a specialty and polish your skills.

To come up with a good project, start with concentrating on a particular area of your field and select a topic for your project. Scan engineering books and browse the web for a suitable topic. Brainstorming is very crucial to come up with an attractive and feasible idea for your projects.

As we all know mechanical engineering is one of famous course in engineering and every year thousands of students takes admission to be engineers. Students like this course because it’s really an interesting and they learn much from books and engineering forums and discussion on the websites. They can take online helps from other people. They just need to guide well and during engineering and it make easy to success. Every student should have to passionate for their course then he/she can be a good engineer.

Source by Jaivider Singh Bhandari

One Cause That Can Make an Autistic Child Obsessed With Death

Some autistic children have an obsession with death. They persistently ask questions concerning death, death experience, deadly illness, and suicide. This situation is quite alarming for parents, because they believe that the implications of these kinds of questions can be terrifying.

Parents, especially mothers, become powerless in front of their autistic child’s obsession with death and relentless questions. They endeavor several maneuvers to get their child to stop by ignoring him, scolding him, and trying to deflect his mind. But, these moves bring no change. In fact, these moves provoke the child even more and bring anxiety and stress in his mood.

Now, the questions are, why does an autistic child ask such questions? Why does he get so obsessed with death? And, what do parents need to do in this situation?

Well, there are many causes that can make your child obsessed with death. For example, nightmares, bullying, lack of self-esteem, floods of new information, and unpredictability. But, the most important cause is, “Change”.

Terrified of Change

Children who ask death related question, or who are obsessed with death, are mostly “Terrified of Change”. The idea of “Change” brings panic inside their bodies. They ‘think’ and ‘ask’ questions like, who will replace the grandma if she dies?

“When an autistic child feels that the interruption in the order and concordance of his world is going to occur, he feels anxiety. He doesn’t get how to deal with the upcoming situation and restrain the uniformity in his world. Consequently, he asks death related questions, again and again, in order to relax his anxious and stressful feelings.”

If your child asks you questions about death, then it often means he is afraid of change. He wants to know about the consequences which can appear after death.

What do most of the parents do when their autistic child asks them death related questions?

Well, they talk about a few things, time and time again. For example,

(a) Death is natural.

(b) Life is beautiful.

(c) Heaven & Hell.

However, these topics aren’t the precise answers for their child. These types of answers would be absolutely useless. Your child will begin to feel even more anxious and keep on asking the same sets of questions until you won’t give him a satisfactory answer, or relax his feelings.

In order to give your child satisfactory answers, and understand the causes of his obsession, first you need to look at your own family, your family’s conversations, and your family environment. Was there any change which your family experienced after the death of some loved one? Was there some intense conversations regarding death and its consequences?

Apart from this, in order to know the true source of his anxiety, notice his daily activities closely. Is there any movie which he/she watches again and again? Is there any death scene in his favorite movie? Has he seen any terrible change, or consequences, after the death of someone?

Once you understand the true source of his anxiety, you handle the situation easily. You see the world through his perspective and talk in his language. Your answers gradually water down his anxious feelings and make him feel that you are the best mother/father of this world who understands him completely.

You become his best friend, and your child starts loving you even more.

Now, what to do after discovering the actual source of his obsession with death?

Well, assure him that, “Nothing is going to change, all will stay the same.” This should be the main focus of your entire conversation. Tell him that there won’t be any terrible changes if someone dies. The environment will stay the same, predictability will stay alive, and the world will keep on moving with the same routine.

The more you keep his world predictable and same for him through your answers, the more you water down his obsessive feelings regarding death, and the more you connect with him on an emotional level.

Source by Isaac E. Smith

What Is the Role of Item Response Theory in GAMSAT?

GAMSAT is a standardized exam. The exam pattern is completely different. It is the toughest medical entrance and observes the intellectual skills of candidate. There is no structured material to study GAMSAT. The syllabus and the method are unique for GAMSAT. Even the score calculation is a complicated process.

Students tend to calculate their scores after the exam out of curiosity. In GAMSAT, it cannot be done. The scoring process has been kept confidential by ACER (Australian Council for Educational Research). Nobody knows how the GAMSAT score is being calculated except few people in ACER. It is believed that Item response theory is being used to scale the performance. Still there are unexplored myths in GAMSAT score calculation.

I was curious to know more about GAMSAT score calculation. I researched and collected some information. I would like to share that information. The result says that Item Response Theory (IRT) is being used in calculating the score.

What is IRT?

Item Response Theory is also known as latent trait theory or strong true score theory or modern mental test theory. It is the preferred method for the development of the high-stakes tests such as college entrance examination or medical entrance etc.

It is the study of test and item scores based on assumptions concerning the mathematical relationship between abilities and item responses. It is the advanced form of Classical test theory.

IRT provides more sophisticated information about the response of the item.

Score calculation using IRT:

I would not say that the below are the exact GAMSAT score calculating method. I have tried depicting on my own with the information gathered. Also I know, there is no restriction for guessing games.

Researchers are expecting that Item response theory (IRT) will be used in calculating the score. IRT scoring requires complex estimation procedure. It is very difficult to understand the calculation.

Item Response Theory means focusing on the response of the Item. Using this theory the questions in each section will be evaluated separately. This evaluation will be done based on the difficulty of the question and the response of the candidate.

The IRT curve will be created by modeling the response of the candidate. It measures the given ability to each Item in the test. So the score will be calculated based on the performance of each candidate.

IRT is based on the probability of a correct or keyed response to an item. It is a mathematical function of person and item parameters. This person parameter is called “Latent trait”.

In GAMSAT, each question will be standardized as per its difficulty level. Candidate’s scores are also calibrated on that same difficulty level scale. Then these scores will be scaled into GAMSAT scale of 0 to 10 for each three sections separately.

Initially GAMSAT score will be calculated for each section using the below formula:

GAMSAT section score = (Estimate in logits + 5) X 10

“Logits” is the unit used for calculation in IRT method

The overall GAMSAT score is calculated using the below formula:

Overall Score = (1 x Section I + 1 x Section II + 2 x Section III) / 4

Most of us know the above formula. It is the only formula revealed to us but there are many steps of calculation taken place behind the screen.

IRT is considering the performance of the candidates and the difficulty of the questions. It is the critical method followed to evaluate the GAMSAT scores.

Let us not depend on the calculation. It is good to rely on your preparation. It is important to spend more time on revising previous question papers. I would like to share the benefits of GAMSAT practice tests. It would help you to perform well in your exam.

Source by Mary Anita