Autism Apps Are Playing Their Part in Special Education

Gaze into little Pauline’s eyes and you can see her shining intelligence. Non-verbal and profoundly autistic since 18 months of age, Pauline, who is 19 now, is no longer silent or non-communicative. Thanks to apps like “What’s the Expression” and “Make Sentences” that she runs on her iPad, Pauline has a voice. Through a revolutionary technique called facilitated communication, Pauline can meaningfully string together words that can express the feelings she wants to convey.

Pauline was introduced to the world of autism apps about a couple of years ago. It was then that she started communicating with the help of her iPad. But till then, Pauline’s intelligence was considered to be that of a four or five-year old child, largely because of her childlike behavior and the non-verbal limited sign language she used for communication. After she was introduced to “What’s the Expression” and “Make Sentences” apps, the teen has not only displayed high intelligence, but also a stunning command over English language. Pauline now describes her past life as something chocked in silence.

In a recent typing session, Pauline wrote that 2016 has been a remarkable year for her so far because she has learnt several new words and their proper use. The two apps have made her smart and more acceptable in her peer group that mostly includes non-autistic children. These children once used to keep Pauline at a distance. But that has changed, thanks to the autistic child picking up basic sentence making and communication skills.

Pauline’s special educator Linda says that she first came across the “What’s the Expression” and “Make Sentences” apps while teaching at a children’s school in Denver. One of her colleagues informed her that iPads and tabs were changing the conventional system of autism education. It was then that she tried out these two apps and was impressed by the features. While the “Make Sentences” app teaches an autistic child how to string together words, the “What’s the Expression” app helps tackle the communication challenges.

Linda attended a workshop for these two apps and received mentorship from a number of master educators. The training program helped her learn how to introduce these digital devices in stages. Even though Linda acts as a full-time instructor to autistic people like Pauline, she regularly attends refresher programs.

Pauline, on her part, is grateful to Linda who first introduced her to the “What’s the Expression” and “Make Sentences” apps.

Source by Kevin Carter

Stages of Artistic Development in Preschoolers and Toddlers

Art is an important aspect of learning in early childhood education and must be carefully designed to enhance their artistic development and nurture an appreciation for beauty in their world. Art enriches the lives of all preschoolers and toddlers as it provides experiences for them in finding meaning about themselves and the world around them.

“From the moment the child discovers what it looks like and feels like to put lines down on paper, he has found something he will never lose, he has found art” – R. Kellogg 1969.

Rhoda Kellogg has studied 100,000 young children’s drawings drawn with pencil, pen, crayon or brush and this extensive study has helped significantly in our understanding of children’s artistic development. She was particularly interested in the scribbles of young children and she discovered that children progress from making scribbles to drawing pictures by using a built-in, spontaneous method of self-teaching and would continue until the children were 5 years old and only in the later stages of development that children’s artwork can be coached and guided by an adult.

Kellogg also identified various symbols that have been drawn by children across various cultures. The mandala design which is a simple circle or square divided by intersecting lines is produced by children in different parts of the world. Kellogg also discovered that preschoolers and toddlers unlike older children are not concerned about their art pieces looking nice or resembling real things but they move their hands to express a feeling that comes from within them and are delighted in the movement and scribbles they produce. With this knowledge in mind, it is important not to force them to look at physical objects and try to copy it but allow them to experiment, create in their own unique way thus providing them an opportunity to express their own ideas and feelings.

The artistic developmental stages are the scribble stage, basic form stage and the pictorial stage. Although there is a predictable pattern to their development, preschoolers and toddlers move through the levels in different ways and at their own pace. These stages can assist parents or teachers as they work with young children and provide guidelines for planning for a specific group of children.

Kellogg’s developmental stages

1. Scribble stage

These are the earliest drawings of young children. They are simple and random markings, made for the pleasure of drawing scribbles. During this stage, the young children have no concern in trying to draw to represent anything but rather are enjoying the process of making scribbles on the paper.

2. Basic form stage

Children begin to draw simple lines and shapes. Kellogg identified several universal symbols that children use around the world. These include the mandala, sun, ladders, spirals, wavy lines and rainbows. These symbols were being used to communicate and were the beginnings of writing. Children in this stage continue to draw for pleasure.

3. Pictorial stage

During this stage, children use the shapes from stage 2 to draw symbolic representations of real people and things such as houses, tress and windows. They begin to identify their drawings, tell related stories and expand their drawings to include new meanings and understanding.

Positive and appropriate nurture of preschoolers and toddlers beginning artistic efforts can provide a strong foundation for later development and enjoyment of artistic experiences.

Source by Maegan Wong

Benefits Of Using The Flash Card For Kids As A Learner And Improver

You might have heard about the most emerging flash card for kids usage among parents. This is one of the most efficient education steps which parents should take for their children. This should be done at the pre-schooling level and primary schooling, for the betterment of the child. If you haven’t provided this before to your child, then you should do it today. It contains a number of wonderful features, which are very difficult to achieve using other methods It contains a number of wonderful features, which are very difficult to find some where else.

How To Use Flash Cards For Learning Purpose?

You might be thinking about the usage of the flash cards, the let me tell you that you should use the picture oriented ones to start. This will be helpful in making the visualization easily. Especially for the pre-schoolers it is a good attempt.

Secondly, you should then use a number of tactics, that your child can learn that how to verbalize things easily. In this matter, you can use different types of phrases and the phonemic awareness in your child. It won’t be difficult to remember things for your child. He can identify all those pictures that rhyme same. Therefore, you should give your child a bigger chance in this aspect. This will abet in enhancing the reading skill of the child. You can see the improvement with in a short interval of time. Your child will become the same as you want him or her to emerge out.

Games which are usually being played on the tremendous kind of the flash cards for kids are also good for many children. They help in increasing the learning and visualizing capacity. Not only that, these makes the child’s memory sharp and conventional as well.

How Flash Cards Helps In Improving?

The free flash cards for kids abet in making a number of improvement in the knowledge-ability of the child. Those parents who want their children to make improvements in their predefined skills. They should use this extra ordinary flash card for kids. There are different benefits concerned with it:

  • a) It is helpful in improving the visual memory of the child in an easy manner.
  • b) It helps the child to make an association.
  • c) If you want your baby to make an improvement in the comprehension then these flash cards are the basic targeted element, which is helpful in improving the memory to be very sharp.

Other Benefits

There are a number of other benefits which are concerned with the children:

  • a) It helps the children in giving an extra help with their tough homework.
  • b) Some times the frustration level increases to a very high peak. These flash cards are helpful in making your child busy in a number of activities. These help in shutting down the frustration level.

Source by Davie Ng