There Are 5 Different Types of Autism Disorders

Autism is a complex developmental disability with many different levels of severity. Technically, there is one diagnosis that is Autism. People do however refer to the Pervasive Developmental Disorders as disorders on the Autism spectrum or Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). Autism Spectrum Disorders are developmental brain disorders that cause impaired social interaction, problems with verbal and nonverbal communication, and unusual, repetitive, or severely limited activities and interests. Autism is just one of five different types of Autism disorders.

Below are definitions and characteristics of the five different autism disorders.

Classic Autism:

Autism is the second leading childhood developmental disorder and is considered the most severe of the different types of Autism disorders. People with Classic Autism develop language late, or not at all. People affected with Classic Autism have difficulties talking with other people or a profound lack of affection or emotional contact with others, an intense wish for sameness in routines, muteness or abnormality of speech, high levels of Visio-spatial skills, but major learning difficulties in other areas. Symptoms of autism usually appear during the first three years of childhood and continue throughout life. Autism is a spectrum disorder because the severity of impairment in each of these areas differs in each individual.

Aspergers Syndrome:

A Person with Aspergers Syndrome can exhibit a variety of characteristics and the disorder can range from mild to severe. Children show deficiencies in social skill and have difficulties with transitions or changes. They compulsively cling to rituals and any changes in their routine can upset them. They have a great difficulty reading body language and determining proper body space. Some children with Aspergers Syndrome have reduced sensitivity to pain and an increased sensitivity to bright lights and loud noises. With this type of Autism disorders they also have average or above-average intelligence.

Childhood Disintegrative Disorder:

Childhood Disintegrative Disorder includes severe regression in communication skills, social behavior, and all developmental motor skills. At the beginning these children seem perfectly normal. They start to regress at between ages 2-4 years. At that time these children stop socializing, lose potty-training skills, stop playing, lose motor skills and stop making friends.

Rett Syndrome:

Rett syndrome is a neurological and developmental disorder that mostly occurs in females and is marked by poor head growth. Loss of muscle tone is usually the first symptom. Other early symptoms may include problems crawling or walking and diminished eye contact. They stop using their hands to do things and often develop stereotyped hand movements, such as wringing, clapping, or patting their hands. The inability to perform motor functions is perhaps the most severely disabling feature of Rett syndrome, interfering with every body movement, including eye gaze and speech. Infants with Rett syndrome seem to grow and develop normally at first, but then stop developing and even lose skills and abilities.

Pervasive Developmental Disorder-Not Otherwise Specified:

This tends to describe people who have many or all of the different types of Autism disorders. Children with PDDNOS either do not fully meet the criteria of symptoms used to diagnose any of the four specific types above, and/or do not have the degree of impairment described in any of the above four specific types.


Source by Shawn Johnson

Parents Need to Recognize Autism Signs in Their Children

Autism is one of the fastest growing neurological disorders, with as many as one in every 95 children diagnosed with the disorder. Autism signs vary among individuals, of course, but there are some common characteristics that you should watch for. Children with autism have trouble relating to others, sometimes markedly so. The nuances most people pick up on during social interaction elude them to the point where they become very socially disabled indeed, and can become extremely isolated. With early intervention, autism can be managed quite well, sometimes with few effects depending on the severity of the original disorder and the age at which the child was diagnosed.

First noticing autism signs

Most professionals think that autism begins while still in utero, but it can be difficult to see these signs when children are very, very young. By about the age of three, though, there are many common characteristics definitely present; many parents will also often think that there is simply “something wrong” in a vague sort of way with their child at a much earlier age.

Early intervention is key

Following are some signs you should be concerned about in your child that may not just be “developmental” or “a stage.” Early intervention is key, so if you suspect your child may have autism based upon one of the following symptoms, get him or her to a doctor for diagnosis as soon as possible. The earlier the intervention, the more successful it is.

Autism signs in very young children

Even in infancy, many children with autism don’t like to be held and in general have an aversion to being touched. They may also lack the ability to establish or be very uncomfortable with eye contact. Even babies as young as six months old like the game of “peekaboo,” and if your child does not like these types of games or doesn’t seem to be able to engage, this should be a sign of concern within a few months of age.

Autism signs at older ages

As a child grows older, he or she should become more verbal and should begin to speak. Yet, if your child can’t say simple words or phrases (and doesn’t seem to make the normal cooing or babbling sounds most babies make) by the age of several months to a year old, it’s also a sign of concern. In some cases, parents often think their children may have hearing difficulties, but the hearing itself appears to be selective. That is, they obviously react to some sounds just fine, but don’t seem to be able to hear others.

Alternatively, these children also often exhibit what’s called “echolalia,” in which they mimic exactly the sounds or words they hear, in pitch, tone, etc. This is different than the type of mimicry young children do when they’re learning how to speak, since it appears to be mere repetition as one might hear from a recording instead of an actual attempt to speak.

Other autistic behaviors

Autistic children also exhibit intensive concentration on specific things, especially mechanical things; they may also exhibit so-called “isms,” whereby they engage in repetitive movements, tongue clicking, et cetera.

Possible causes of autism

The actual causes of autism are not known, although most suspect it’s a neurological disorder that begins in utero. Some have suspected infection, certain vaccination combinations, or being ill at very young ages with high fevers may also contribute to the onset of autism. Still other causes are purported to be immune system response to allergies, et cetera. As yet, though, no definitive actual cause has been found.

Getting autism signs diagnosed and treated

With early intervention, children can significantly improve their ability to relate to others. Although most children with autism will have some residual effects, they will significantly improve their ability to relate to others and may even be able to live on their own once older and function very well, even living normal or nearly normal lives. Most children with autism, contrary to popular belief, are not completely isolated and do not “live in a world of their own,” especially if they are given early and intensive treatment.


Source by Jon Arnold

Scalp Folliculitis – What Causes Folliculitis Of The Scalp?

Scalp folliculitis is a skin complaint that results in inflammation due to blockages of the hair follicles. The condition is by no means rare, and is also known as scalp acne, Barber’s Itch, and Tinea Barbae amongst others. It is not a discriminatory disease, as it can affect both men and women, no matter what age. Although known as scalp folliculitis, it can actually affect any part of the body that has hair follicles, including the arms, armpits, face and legs.

Due to the fact that it most often arises on the scalp, many sufferers are not aware of just what scalp folliculitis looks like. It appears as small, white-yellow pustules, usually surrounded by red, circular blisters. As mentioned, the infection usually clogs the hair follicle, but this does not prevent hair growing straight through the pustules, and frequently, hair also grows adjacent to the pustule. If scratched, the pustules tend to seep bloody pus or sebum. It is not impossible for scalp folliculitis to turn into boils, or for bacteria to enter the bloodstream via an infected hair follicle, but these are rare occurrences.

So what are the tell-tale signs that scalp folliculitis may be present? A persistent itch along the hairline may be a sign, even though the number of lesions may be small. In most instances, only a small section of the scalp is infected, but it has been known to spread all around the scalp in the severest cases. As with most itches, it is extremely difficult to stop scratching or touching the infected areas, which rapidly causes the infected area to become hard and crusty. If this happens, the urge to scratch the area increases, which only makes matters worse.

The cause of folliculitis on the scalp is similar to that of acne, in that bacteria and fungi get trapped within a pore. Along with yeasts and mites, one of the main bacterial causes of the condition is the Staphylococcus bacteria, which can also cause infections in the eyes and nose. The bacteria that invades the hair follicle, combined with sebum within, results in the onset of folliculitis of the scalp.

Another source that stimulates the onset of scalp folliculitis is a hot tub, especially if not properly cleaned or chlorinated. The scalp becomes moist due to the high temperatures, which leads to hair follicles becoming more receptive to infection. Ingrown hairs are another problem as the area surrounding the follicle provides the right conditions for bacteria to thrive.

Other conditions that can lead to the development of scalp folliculitis are:

diabetes

– sweating profusely

wearing tight and constricting clothing

– unhealthy, unsanitary environment

humidity and heat exposure

– dermatitis and eczema

Scalp folliculitis is extremely contagious. With this in mind, it is advisable to use common sense and not share items such as towels, brushes, combs or other hair products and equipment.

In all cases, it is always prudent to visit your medical professional for treatment advice, especially to determine whether the infection is bacterial or fungal. Treatments range from daily applications of antibiotic creams, to oral antibiotics for infections that do not respond to the creams.

Today, there are natural treatments available for the growing number of people that are keen to avoid any possible side effects of taking drugs as a cure. To reiterate, medical advice should be sought when trying different forms of treatment.

At least you have a choice when looking to treat scalp folliculitis.


Source by Roger Clinton

Learn the Symptoms of Strep Throat and How to Distinguish it from a Cold

Strep throat is an annoying contagious illness that makes the throat irritated and can cause serious pain in some cases. It keeps advancing if it’s not treated. Strep throat is caused by a bacteria called a streptococcus that can be transmitted through the air, especially if an already infected person coughs or sneezes.

It’s good to know the symptoms of strep throat so that you take action as soon as you suspect that you have been infected with the bacteria that causes it. Starting the treatment early can prevent the infection from evolving and spreading, so keep an eye out for the following signs:

-sore throat and pain when you swallow

-sudden severe sore throat not accompanied by sneezing like when you have a cold

-fever that goes over 38°C (high fever indicates an infection with a virus)

-in some cases, usually at young children the patient can vomit and experience stomach aches

-headache usually comes with the more severe sore throat

-your tonsils swallow visibly and red spots can appear of the roof of your mouth

-the lymph nodes from the neck swallow

-skin rash appears in seldom cases

You should be able to make the difference between a sore throat and an influenza or a cold. Colds also come with sneezing, coughing and fever under 38°C. When you have a cold or an influenza your nose is runny, while strep throat doesn’t make your nose run.

You should start suspecting strep throat when you see that you have a sore throat that does not pass, in fact it gets worse although you have taken the normal medication. If your sore throat is accompanied by a headache then the chances are higher. When you start feeling very tired all the time then it’s almost sure that you have been infected with the streptococcus.

If you pay attention to the symptoms and you suspect that you or a family member has strep throat visit your doctor to get an accurate diagnosis. Do this soon, before the illness spreads and causes complications. The treatment is easy and the whole infection can be cured in a few days because antibiotics are very effective against strep throat, especially if the infection has not spread.


Source by Groshan Fabiola

Tourette Syndrome – Ayurvedic Herbal Treatment

Tourette syndrome (TS) is a neurological disorder characterized by repetitive, stereotyped, involuntary movements and vocalizations called tics. Symptoms include simple and complex types of tics, which usually first appear in childhood and gradually improve by early adulthood. This condition may have a progressive or disabling course in about 10% of those affected. TS is believed to be a hereditary disorder and may be associated with other conditions like attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, learning disabilities and obsessive-compulsive disorder.

The Ayurvedic treatment of TS is aimed at controlling the tics and preventing neurobehavioral complications. Medicines like Yograj-Guggulu, Maha-Rasnadi-Guggulu, Maha-Vat-Vidhwans-Ras, Vat-Gajankush-Ras and Dashmoolarishta are used to control the involuntary movements. Herbal medicines which can be used in this condition include Shallaki (Boswellia serrata), Guggulu (Commiphora mukul), Rasna (Pluchea lanceolata), Tagar (Valeriana wallichii), Deodar (Cedrus deodara), Erandmool (Ricinus communis), Chitrak (Plumbago zeylanica), Vishwa (Zinziber officinalis), Shalparni (Desmodium gangeticum), Prushnaparni (Uraria picta), Agnimanth (Premna mucronata) and Shyonak (Oroxylum indicum).

People who do not respond to the above mentioned treatment can be given other medicines like Ekang-Veer-Ras, Tapyadi-Loh, Kaishor-Guggulu, Trayodashang-Guggulu, Vish-Tinduk-Vati and Bruhat-Vat-Chintamani. Sedative herbs like Sarpagandha (Rauwolfia serpentina), Jatamansi (Nardostachys jatamansi), Khurasani ova (Hyoscyamus niger) and Jaiphal (Myristica fragrans) also help in giving relief from tics. Medicated oils like Mahanarayan oil, Mahamash oil, Chandan-Bala-Laxadi oil, Vishgarbha oil and Maha-Saindhavadi oil are applied locally. This is followed by localized steam fomentation of the affected parts using medicines like Nirgundi-Qadha and Dashmool-Qadha.

Since TS is often associated with other neurobehavioral problems, additional medicines need to be given to treat these conditions. These medicines include Brahmi-Vati, Saraswatarishta, Brahmi (Bacopa monnieri), Shankhpushpi (Convolvulus pluricaulis), Vacha (Acorus calamus), Mandukparni (Centella asiatica), Abhrak-Bhasma, Trivang-Bhasma and Suvarna-Bhasma.

Most people affected with TS can lead a normal life with proper medications. Treatment needs to be tailor-made for each individual person. Psychotherapy may also be useful for a few people affected with TS.


Source by Abdulmubeen Mundewadi

Autism & PANDAS

There is a health condition recognized in the biomedical field for autism and related disorders called PANDAS (Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorders Associated with Streptococcal infections). This is a condition caused by an immune reaction triggered by the presence of Group A Beta-Hemolytic Streptococcal infection. Various strep bacteria produce toxins as part of their infectious nature. 

The immune system responds in an attempt to neutralize and eradicate the toxins. However, this immune-toxin (aka: antibody-antigen complex) reaction creates immune complexes which are deposited in various tissues of the body. If these immune complexes land in the kidneys there is an immune reaction called post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis, in the heart it is called rheumatic fever, and in the brain PANDAS can ensue.

This autoimmune reaction (self-directed immune reaction to body tissue) in PANDAS is directed to the Basal Ganglia area in the brain. This area has been associated with disorders such as obsessive-compulsiveness (OCD), strange body posturing/movements called chorea, and the typical TIC movements (quick jerking or vocal tics) associated with Tourette’s Syndrome. With obsessive-compulsive behavior anxiety is usually a major problem.

 

Some individuals on the autism-spectrum suffer with extreme anxiety, but without obsessive-compulsive behavior, while in others the OCD is severe.  Even though PANDAS remains a controversial topic in medicine it is reported that PANDAS can cause or exacerbate Tics, Tourettes, and Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder.  Approximately, 25% of individuals who have one or more of these conditions have what appears to be PANDAS.

Unfortunately, treatment options are limited, although certain biomedical autism treatments such as low dose naltrexone, dietary intervention such as the gluten and casein-free diet, and various supplements that support normal immune function such as Transfer Factor can be helpful in reducing the overall reactivity of the immune system, PANDAS remains a difficult thing to treat.

 

Some individuals respond quite well to antibiotics. I have seen in cases where a short course of antibiotics, such as 10 to 14 days of Keflex, Penicillin or Zithromax definitely helps, particularly with the OCD behaviors.  In other situations more advanced biomedical therapies such as intravenous immunoglobulins (IVIG) are needed to short-circuit the autoimmune response. Plasmapheresis, which is a blood cleansing process performed to help diminish the immune-toxin reactions, has shown benefit for some individuals. Unfortunately, no treatment is 100% effective for everyone, and some people remain symptomatic even after medical intervention.


Source by Dr. Kurt Woeller